The term is malleable, and it's been used for years as a catch-all for conservative values that keep shifting, not as the definition of a code of conduct all of us agree is actually part of our culture. More than ever before, Eastern spirituality is at the forefront of alternative healing in America; visit any major city and you’ll find yoga studios and meditation circles that guide you to release your anxieties. ", “Why impose a morality that is no longer working and almost passé?" In most Western societies, such as Europe and the US, individualism, independence and self-orientation are viewed as important. I asked some friends what they defined as "Eastern" and "Western" culture. More than ever before, Eastern spirituality is at the forefront of alternative healing in America; visit any major city and you’ll find yoga studios and meditation circles that guide you to release your anxieties. There are major differences between the Western and Middle Eastern cultures. Take the LGBTQ panic going on right now. I called up a sociologist to see what they thought. 3. As a child, I often asked my uncle for glossy, cool looking issues of Nipponia magazine from the Japanese Embassy, and I wheedled my parents into buying me tankōbon manga. Here's the thing a lot of people don't talk about when this whole "Eastern values," conversation rears its head— it's all political. In such cultures, relationships with other members of the group and the interconnectedness between people play a central role in each person's identity. The term Asian values is a political ideology that arose in the 1990s, which defined elements of society, culture, and history common to the nations of Southeast Asia and East Asia. "This 'Arab' lifestyle is considered polite, while 'Western culture' is the opposite, like how the Americans dress and live.". However, all I could do was stare at the screen as I tried to pour my thoughts onto the page. I have stopped searching for a missing Eastern essence within and embraced the idea that there is no ‘East vs ‘West,’ but only a beautiful fusion of both cultures. It most often includes at least part of Asia or, geographically, the countries and cultures east of Europe, the Mediterranean region and Arab world, specifically in historical contexts, and in modern times in the … I can’t count the number of times I’ve been told these words by friends, family, professors, and mentors. However, this isn’t always the case when it comes to business. Such a divide is impossible when both regions have crossed each other’s borders, whether in the form of manga, language, or Disney Channel. A good example of this is the german business culture, where punctuality plays an important role. My Vietnam, whose momentum to catch up and integrate with the rest of the world, introduced me to Western influences that shaped who I am. In the Western culture, the boss is accepted as the usual worker, which can even be your friend and you can drink the beer with him after hard working day. 1) East Asians do not believe in the extreme form of individualism practiced in the West. Hell, a lot of Indonesians put a lot of weight on speaking English too. I am no stranger to the anxiety Soseki’s characters felt as they tried to forge their path in the modern world. A question began to trouble me: was my lack of resistance to adopting Western ways the result of the. My family always embraced traditional Vietnamese values, but they also raised me with a Western approach; I’m grateful to have been given the freedom to develop my identity and explore my interests. World Bank data for 2017 estimated the population of the Arab world at 414.5 million. Premise: There exist cultural values. "The claim that there's an East and a West is valid, as long as it doesn't also suggest that one is superior over the other," said Yusar Muljadi, a sociologist from Padjadjaran University. Yet the East’s core values, from embracing collectivism to downsizing one’s ego, are strikingly different from Western beliefs. My transition to the U.S. was a complex process of figuring out how to handle my classes, manage money, eat well, and shop conscientiously. Soseki expressed through his characters how Western values, such as self-awareness and having unlimited opportunities, often lead to isolation and sadness. I also inherited my affinity for the West from my family. Alexa Pellegrini reflects on how studying Eastern culture helped her anxiety, while Linh Dang discusses how Westernization shaped his identity. What, exactly, are Eastern values anyway? In more collectivist societies, often found in the East, overall societal values tend to include group harmony, interpersonal cooperation and responsibility. However, it was reading manga that introduced me to characters with personal convictions to make a name for themselves, to compete and be the best – convictions that exemplify the individuality associated with the West. Collectivist cultures emphasize the needs and goals of the group as a whole over the needs and desires of each individual. Like so many writers, the fear of succeeding and then losing it all has often saddled me with writer’s block and self-doubt. Our society makes it easy to forget that we are worth more than our followers and likes, our awards, our clip file, that we have permission to simply be! While Western culture encourages the idea that we should be celebrated and awarded for what makes us different, our individuality does not make us indispensable. It aimed to use commonalities – for example, the principles of collectivism or communitarianism – to unify people for their economic and social good and to create a pan-Asian identity. Venezuela: An Economic and Humanitarian Tragedy, Not Your Average Vampire Movie: A Film Review of “What We Do In The Shadows”, What It’s Like At Home: The Sunday Evening Flow. Developing cultural awareness about the Middle East is an ongoing process that takes patience, but can also reap rich rewards. ", "This dichotomy is liked to cultural prejudices that associate Eastern culture in Indonesia with noble values, especially when it's compared to the West," Yusar told me. Among Asian values that were frequently cited were discipline, hard work, frugality, educational achievement, balancing individual and societal needs, and deference to authority. Key Cultural and Social Values in the Middle East. But while I am at TUJ, I will embrace Eastern values and acknowledge that I only exist as a part of something greater than myself. Made with coffee & love by ThemeBubble ©All rights reservd. Maintaining harmony and avoiding conflict is considered an essential aspiration to uphold. How to Dress: Modestly for men (i.e no shorts) and for women, a headscarf is an essential and absolutely no bare arms or bare legs. Like many of his protagonists, I have felt an aching loneliness when I question if there is a larger framework in which I belong. Similarities in Eastern European business culture. Eastern or middle eastern? They want their children to develop a positive sense of self and personal worth. If dictators in the Middle East … Eastern world refers to countries in Asia and Middle East. My transition to the U.S. was a complex process of figuring out how to handle my classes, manage money, eat well, and shop conscientiously. I did not just assume the role of the “model student” who follows rules and avoids mischief – I was happy to be one. Yusar thinks that "Western values," is just a convenient way cast arrows at anything that challenges the dominate structure of society, even when it's a bunch of EDM DJs. How else would I win the video game I was playing, watch Cartoon Network and Disney Channel, and wiki-walk through the Net? And when a local television station became a source of ridicule over the censoring of a man's bare chest, he was wearing a traditional Javanese outfit. Religion: The major religion of North Africa and the Middle East is Islam and there are substantial numbers of Jews and Christians who also live in these countries.Racial and ethnic harmony varies from peaceful in Syria to contentious in Israel. Eastern world, also known as the East or the Orient, is an umbrella term for various cultures or social structures, nations and philosophical systems, which vary depending on the context. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Culture Facts. The population in Eastern countries is more traditional than people in … . "Indeed this prejudice against cultures other than the East exists. Or look at an online discussion and glean facts about a person’s country and its issues? Engaging in Eastern spiritual practices helped me understand that worldly success is fleeting, and true contentment comes from within. Arabs are located in 22 principle countriessituated in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Unique. For me, learning English is a series of interactions with the West; the better I become, the more interested I am in diving into this exciting world. Indonesia has a pretty complicated relationship with the West. It's a way to cast something in shades of inferiority and "foreignness. In Taiwan, lawmakers have already legalized same-sex marriage, beating many Western countries to the punch. I can say that Greeks (orthodox critstians) culturally and historically belong to middle east. By signing up to the VICE newsletter you agree to receive electronic communications from VICE that may sometimes include advertisements or sponsored content. I grew up in a six-member family, in which I learned to respect one’s elders, pursue academic excellence, and uphold my duties to others. However, Iran and Turkey, which many people consider Arab nations, are not part of this group because they speak Farsi or Turkish. But while I am at TUJ, I will embrace Eastern values and acknowledge that I only exist as a part of something greater than myself. Looking beyond my roots has shown me that there are more meaningful reasons to create than being published. Parents encourage their children to develop skills that support these values, such as assertiveness, self-confidence, self-expression and autonomy. I grew up in a six-member family, in which I learned to respect one’s elders, pursue academic excellence, and uphold my duties to others. Another Western influence in my life was the English language. Here's the thing a lot of people don't talk about when this whole "Eastern values," conversation rears its head— it's all political. Now take a step back and think about this for a second. If you plan to travel to this region for leisure or business, be aware of the values and beliefs that differ from those in Western … Could you imagine such a thing happening here right now? “You got a choice to support it rather than repressing it.”. Finding Freedom in the East – Alexa Pellegrini Crossing cultures is always a challenge. The anti-DWP (Djakarta Warehouse Project) crowd said the festival was immoral and a sign of the erosion of local Eastern culture. I now see that my fears about losing my roots have no basis in reality – they came from the erroneous idea that there is an absolute dichotomy between East and West. Go further, discover the Culture Compass™ or join our open programme Introduction to Cross-Cultural Management. In general, populations in the East are more reserved and don’t readily expose their emotions. Eastern culture bel… Are Valentines Day, same-sex relationships, and nipples really part of Western culture? manga. Western religious meditative traditions, orthodox and mystical, also have strong backgrounds, although discussing these is beyond this book. I did not just assume the role of the “model student” who follows rules and avoids mischief – I was happy to be one. Well, I am from Greece. Differences Between Eastern And Western Cultures - by Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. Manga originated in Japan, and Japan indeed belongs to the East. This contrasted with perceived … So what's it mean when our own culture is also opposed to these "Eastern values," people keep talking about? Norms and Values in Middle Eastern Culture A culture is a particular society at a particular time and place [1]. If they can do away with bad situations and unpleasant circumstances, they will. Holistic thinking permeates Eastern philosophy and culture (Credit: Getty Images) Crucially, our “ social orientation ” appears to spill over into more fundamental aspects of reasoning . Each culture is built on their own norms and values. I mean you're reading this right now, aren't you? Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. The division between "East" and "West" is from European cultural history.There is a difference between European Christendom and the alien cultures beyond it to the East. I followed their example by choosing America. Mindfulness as a practical lifestyle and attitude and meditation as a group of diverse practices both Hindu- and Buddhist-based are indigenous to Eastern cultures. Over the last few years, I have been drawn to classic Eastern literature for its Confucian values, which honor society over the individual. That's not even mentioning all the indigenous communities who saw nothing wrong with women walking around topless for centuries. Culture differences are a very hot topic, in business as well as at holiday parties. Late Father’s Day Letter – Saddest Part of My Graduation, Farewell Speech from an International Student, Comparing and Contrasting Eastern and Western Values, A Dose of Dosa at Philadelphia Chutney Company, To Hug or Not to Hug: Physical Contacts Vary Across Cultures, Sunny: A Korean Film You Will Fall In Love With. Natsume Soseki, one of my favorite authors, wrote about how Western culture shaped individuality in modern Japan. I equally attribute my growth to embracing an Eastern approach to emotional wellness. Eastern Culture vs Western Culture Essay Sample. Western culture focuses on ‘individualism’ which means every single person has to earn a livelihood. However, it was reading manga that introduced me to characters with personal convictions to make a name for themselves, to compete and be the best – convictions that exemplify the individuality associated with the West. The… The Individual. phenomenon, the Vietnamese term for losing one’s root? First of all, “straight talk” is disliked and avoided in Eastern culture, as it brings forth a loss of face. And this has consequences for society, the … Engaging in Eastern spiritual practices helped me understand that worldly success is fleeting, and true contentment comes from within. "What I often hear from people is that 'Eastern' means a set of norms that is more in line with Arab culture, at least based on the clothes you're supposed to wear, the gamis and the hijab," said Adelia Ningrum Puteri, a 19 year-old student. Premise: There exists something called Western culture. But once something gets "too Western," it's immediately derided as something that's "against Eastern values." In the West, we are taught to place our value in our work, our looks, and our number of likes; the East reminds us of the importance of humility and community, of focusing on more than our desires. I can’t count the number of times I’ve been told these words by friends, family, professors, and mentors. The idea that there are Eastern and Western values … The truth about whether Islamic values are compatible with Western values. This spiritualism is both the source of exoticism and pity in the West. I attribute a large part of my loneliness to being singled out for my passion for writing. These characteristics help differentiate each culture. Eastern Culture (refer to the culture map above) has these characteristics listed below: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Shenism, Taoism, and Islam are some common religions practiced in the Eastern world. And then you need to also take into consideration that there is no one "East." But I struggled to recall experiencing any culture shock, confusion, or resentment. With the European colonization of the Americas the East/West distinction became global. Being on time for work or work-related engagements is a big part of corporate culture in both the East and the West. In the West, the East is often stereotyped as more spiritual, traditional, and conventional. The idea that there are Eastern and Western values only exists in a conversation where Western values are clearly being defined as a dangerous and damaging import. But that doesn't mean that "Eastern values" are some kind of monolithic thing. Freely Magazine is a Philly-based multicultural media channel for international students and anyone who shows appreciation for diversity and cultural uniqueness. Crossing cultures in the Middle East, with its diversity, takes a lifetime to master. You are different. Are Our Museums (and Google) Promoting Cultural Exchange, or Colonialism? Duterte told the press when discussing his support of same-sex marriage. In Western society, the individual rules. And in Thailand, the trans community has long been seen as a vibrant part of local culture. When I worry about making a living from my art, I remind myself that I write because it makes me happy; then, the words flow. The idea of an Eastern, "Indian" or "Oriental" sphere was made stronger by ideas of racial as well as religious and cultural differences. The Eastern European countries studied by the Passport to Trade 2.0 project are: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovak Republic. It is undeniable that there are an endless number of talented artists, writers, poets, creators. “Unless there is a shift in our society's dominant structure, 'Western values' will always be used as a scapegoat.". East and Southeast Asia aren't a singular thing with a shared culture. I chose to study in Japan to free myself from the ego game of the West, the constant pressure to create in exchange for praise and exceed society’s standards. 29 November 2018 Question: "What values are shared by Western and Eastern culture?" The Philippines is right next door, but President Rodrigo Duterte has stated his support for the LGBTQ community, even joking that it sounded more fun to be bisexual so you could "have fun both ways. You can edit your menu content on the Menus screen in the Appearance section. Some people say that same-sex relationships are a threat to Eastern culture, but the Bugis people have long accepted the idea that there are five genders. The whole thing gets even more complicated when you realize that the West, too, has its own views of what constitutes Eastern culture. “It’s very possible that those countries did not want to interfere with the rights of their citizens,” Yusar told me. ( Lá thư trễ cho ngày của bố) – Điều buồn nhất trong lễ tốt nghiệp của con. Reading books by Soseki and other Eastern authors taught me to detach my achievements as a writer from my value as a person. I mean just look at how many people showed up to protest an annual EDM music festival that's been happening, in some form or another, for more than a decade. But I struggled to recall experiencing any culture shock, confusion, or resentment. Eastern culture focuses more on ‘collectivism’ which means they have large supportive families. The Warok people of East Java think the same thing. If we check the working sphere, we will see the different attitude to the boss. Learn more in: Understanding Edible Insects as Food in Western and Eastern Societies The people in eastern countries are more traditional than people in the West when we consider their rituals, customs, clothing, etc. Is there really a shared value system for all the countries and peoples considered "Eastern"? One of the main contrasts within this diversity of cultures is the differences between the East and the West. However, all I could do was stare at the screen as I tried to pour my thoughts onto the page. A term used to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artefacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Asia. Premise: There exists something called Eastern culture. So if there is no such thing as a standardized Eastern value, is there a Western one? Today, the once stark divide between East and West no longer exists – both hemispheres borrow each other’s foods, traditions, and philosophies. I know that in the eyes of the East, I will always be a gaijin – a foreigner. A common thread that runs through many lives is the importance of family and the values that derive from having a strong extended family: respect, honor, and loyalty. Key Cultural and Social Values in the Middle East. Their openness to the West is understandable, as most of my family studied abroad – my parents in Russia, my grandparents in Ukraine. The Middle East is an extraordinarily diverse part of the world. While most western societies tackle problems head-on, Asians will try to avoid it as much as possible. Time and again Islam’s teachings uphold religious and personal freedoms. But in the shadow of praise lies expectations, and the possibility of not being able to maintain my performance has done nothing to ease my perfectionism. This phrase, that something is threatening our Eastern values, is the easiest way to get people to agree with you. Here are 10 such values that East Asia represents. And, if there is such a thing, does it really mean that people shouldn't show too much skin at an EDM festival? Eastern and Western cultures differ with one another in a wide range of point of view. For example, Indians pay respect to their elders by touching their feet; East Asians use bows as greetings, apologizing and thanking. Critics of Asian values disputed their role in economic growth and argued that they were being used to protect the interests of East Asia’s authoritarian elites. Yet the East’s core values, from embracing collectivism to downsizing one’s ego, are strikingly different from Western beliefs. Punctuality. Though this place is very different from where they studied, I arrived overseas with their same flexible mindset – that the West is not to be feared, only to be learned from. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. I chose to study in Japan to free myself from the ego game of the West, the constant pressure to create in exchange for praise and exceed society’s standards. The dichotomy is also a highly political one, one that justifies the idea that 'foreign values' are inferior to 'local values'.". Like so many writers, the fear of succeeding and then losing it all has often saddled me with writer’s block and self-doubt. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third country can be chosen to be able to see a comparison of their scores. Guest Author - Rachel Schaus. In search of this root of mine, I recalled the constant interplay of East and West throughout my life. We agree that every individual is important. – a foreigner. In search of this root of mine, I recalled the constant interplay of East and West throughout my life. But in the shadow of praise lies expectations, and the possibility of not being able to maintain my performance has done nothing to ease my perfectionism. Special. The Jakarta government responded by saying that they would make sure DWP respected "Eastern values," including trying to ban bikinis from the stage. I attribute a large part of my loneliness to being singled out for my passion for writing. The western culture is very laid back in many ways. Manga originated in Japan, and Japan indeed belongs to the East. Cheng Hing Han, experienced executive whose expertise is helping businesses break into new markets, has shared his view on the main differences between Western and Eastern business cultures, in a speech at Singapore Management University (SMU). But in the Eastern culture, the boss is the wisest person in the organization and people really respect him. "Religious values are still the dominant structure of our society and their agents are actively maintaining this structure,” Yusar told me. While Western culture encourages the idea that we should be celebrated and awarded for what makes us different, our individuality does not make us indispensable. Culture focuses more on ‘ collectivism ’ which means every single person has earn! Life was the English language language was deemed important in a wide range point! Societies Eastern or Middle Eastern cultures could you imagine such a thing happening here right,. Helped me understand that worldly success is fleeting, and wiki-walk through the Net self-expression and.... I also inherited my affinity for the 6 dimensions and in Thailand, Vietnamese..., watch Cartoon Network and Disney Channel, and Japan indeed belongs to the VICE newsletter you agree receive... 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